Bukovsky was one of the first to expose the use of psychiatric imprisonment against political prisoners in the Soviet Union. He spent a total of twelve years in Soviet prisons, labor camps and in psikhushkas, forced-treatment psychiatric hospitals used by the government as special prisons.
A Serbsky official has gone on record as saying Bukovsky, at the time of his forced care, was undoubtedly “psychopathic.” (As evidence, he cited the fact the dissident had written “hundreds of letters of complaint” following one of his arrests.)
In 1974, Bukovsky and the incarcerated psychiatrist Semyon Gluzman wrote a Manual on Psychiatry for Dissenters, in which they provided potential future victims of political psychiatry with instructions on how to behave during inquest in order to avoid being diagnosed as mentally sick.
Manual on Psychiatry for Dissenters