Are researchers using the stigmatizing label ‘hostile’ rather than ‘highly stressed’ to target involuntary human research subjects with abusive research methodologies. Of course, if people are going to do something like this they are not going to select from their friends. One of the characteristics they are selecting for is people who support immigration reform.
Unlike the label ‘Type A’ personality, the label ‘hostile’ is inherently stigmatizing. As you can see from the following definitions. The term hostility has become politicized in academia so that anyone who disagrees with you or even jokes about the situation can be labeled hostile.
Behavioral scientists are not insensitive to the power of words. They’ve changed from using the word ‘psychosomatic medicine’ to ‘behavioral medicine’ because people had a tendency to associate psychosomatic with fake illness. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychosomatic_medicine
American Heritage Dictionary
Hostile: Of, relating to, or characteristic of an enemy: hostile forces; hostile acts. Feeling or showing enmity or ill will; antagonistic: a hostile remark. Unfavorable to health or well-being; inhospitable or adverse: a hostile climate.
Inimical: Injurious or harmful in effect; adverse: habits inimical to good health.
Unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical voice.
Opposition: The act of opposing or resisting. The condition of being in conflict; antagonism: “The history of men’s opposition to women’s emancipation is more interesting perhaps than the story of that emancipation itself” (Virginia Woolf). Placement opposite to or in contrast with another. Something that serves as an obstacle. Often a political party or an organized group opposed to the group, party, or government in power.
How behavioral medicine researchers define hostility
According to a 1998 NIH task force, “the cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of hostility have all been shown to be important in coronary artery disease (CAD).
1. The cognitive component (how you think) consists of negative beliefs about other people and negative attitudes toward others, including cynicism and mistrust.
2. The affective component (stress levels) are frequent and intense experiences of anger.
3. The behavioral component (how you respond) refers to overt aggression or the attempt to harm others by insults, sarcasm, or opposition.“ http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/resources/docs/taskforc.pdf
How psychologists define hostility or
“Phew! did someone just pass a politically correct stink bomb!!!”
Hostility (also called inimicality) is a form of angry internal rejection or denial in psychology. It is a part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly. In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym for anger and aggression.
In psychological terms, Kelly defined hostility as the willful refusal to accept evidence that one’s perceptions of the world are in some way askew from or out of alignment with objective reality . Instead of realigning one’s feelings and thoughts with objective reality, the hostile person attempts to force or coerce the world to fit their view, even if this is a forlorn hope, and even if it entails varying degrees of emotional expenditure or harm to self and others. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hostility
- Why Does Religion Always Get a Free Ride? (chasdarwin.com)
- Did Andrew Breitbart Die of Hostility? (theatlantic.com)
- A Lesson in Hostility (socyberty.com)
- Freemarketamerica.org; Media Matters and left wing media’s Newest Nightmare Nemesis (theofficialwhiz.wordpress.com)
- A Psychosomatic Theory of the Experience of Magical Energy (izabael.com)
- Second Chances (bslchicago.wordpress.com)